top of page


Newcastle  University | 2023

​In collaboration with: Jane Scott, Romy Kaiser, Armand Agraviador, Ben Bridges, Oliver Perry, Layla van Ellen, and Aileen Hoenerloh

Why do we live in square, hard boxes?

And why do we line these boxes with fragile cement-based boards which are environmentally damaging to produce, do not allow the walls to breathe, and cannot be reused or recycled?  Why are our buildings responsible for 40% of global CO2 emissions?

The Living Room is grown from fungal mycelium, sawdust and wool. This innovative form of construction uses organic, locally available waste materials and microbial processes to radically reduce the environmental impact of construction, whilst allowing us to reimagine the spaces that we inhabit. Our work is a reaction to rigid, hard, permanent buildings, instead, we have created a soft, cosy, snug internal space with thick sculpted walls that can be inhabited, which can be composted when no longer required.

The shape and form of the Living Room, and the soft interior surface, are created from a knitted canopy hand-crafted by the team using Herdwick wool.  Herdwick sheep are a traditional breed that lives in the hills of the Lake District and produce coarse wool that is not suitable for fine yarns required for fashion knitwear. However, the coarse nature of the wool is perfect to support mycelium growth. The scale of the knitting is vast, the canopy measures 4m in diameter with a height of 2m, and to achieve the seamless surface the fabric was knitted to shape in one single piece, this creates the undulating form ready for coating with the mycelium substrate mix. The flexibility of the knitted canopy means that the final form of the structure can be determined on-site during installation.

J. Scott, B. Bridgens, D. Ozkan, R. Kaiser, The Living Room: New Expressions of Biohybrid Textile Architecture, Fabricate 2024, DOI: 10.2307/jj.11374766.8

J. Scott, B. Bridgens, R. Keiser, D. Ozkan, et al., THE LIVING ROOM: Interaction of physical making and digital modelling for large scale biofabrication, in ACADIA Habits of the Anthropocene, 2023. 

J. Scott, B. Bridgens, D. Ozkan, et al., BIOKNIT-TWO: Transitioning to Regional Waste Streams for Biohybrid Textile Production, in the 2nd international conference on Construction, Energy, Environment &Sustainability, 2023. 

The Guardian

bottom of page