DECENTRALIZED WATER INFRASTRUCTURE
Pratt, GAUD, 2014
Critic: Jason Vigneri-Beane, Jonas Coersmeier
Environmental scientists have warned that Coney island will be flooded in 50 years due to the devastating
effects of global warming and rising sea levels.
Four types of
Decentralized Water Infrastructure
In this project, I modelled how Coney Island could be saved using a decentralised water infrastructure. I propose to save Coney Island from a possible flood the whole island needs thirty-six of the stations seen in the image above. In other words, there needs to be approximately one module in every five blocks.
There are four possible ways to locate the stations:
1. Type one is designed for the unbuilt environment. The surrounding is empty so it can draw up water and expand freely without restriction.
2. Type two is for environments with restricted space such as within the amusement park. In this situation, the station can grow freely until reaching a certain border.
3. Type three is designed to attach to the high rise buildings, covering one side of them and taking their form.
4. Type four is associated with the low rise built environment. The station is in the backyards of the entire block of buildings joining them up.
In summary, these structures are formless, adapting to their given environments.
1 [Sucker + Filter]
The water travels through large filters made of sand, gravel, and anthracite removing microscopic particles and microorganisms as well as larger particles. Then the water passes into the chemical purification pouch.
2 [Chemical Addition]
In the pouch, water is disinfected further by the use of a combination of chlorine and ammonia called chloramines to disinfect the water. Fluoride is also added at this stage for dental hygiene. These chemicals cause the colour change of the outer covers causing them to fade. The next step is biological treatment.
3 [Biological process]
The chlorine is mostly eliminated as the bacteria are destroyed but neutralising chemicals are also added. This protects fish and other marine organisms, which can be harmed by the smallest amounts of chlorine. As a result of this process, plant organisms grow on the surface of the pouch, accumulating over time. The final step is absorption.
At the end of the treatment process, pH is adjusted with caustic soda to reduce corrosion in plumbing systems. Owing to pH adjustments, the outer pouch becomes thicker due to deposits.
c.1 Each cell can be used as a space for stacking things. [Both living and non-living things]
The section, layers and inflation